Click below to watch “Scriptures as Operational Artifacts,” Libyan Ambassador to the U.A.E., Dr. Aref Nayed’s plenary address for the “Weaponizing Scripture?” conference put on by the graduate students in the Scripture, Interpretation and Practice (SIP) Program in the Department of Religious Studies at the University of Virginia on March 22-23, 2015.
For more information about the SIP Program please click here.
“Satiating and Starving the Yahwistic Imagination: The Weaponization of Food in the Elijah Cycle”
David Priddy of Wake Forest University suggests that the Elijah cycle has a critical ideological and theological function within the Deuteronomistic history. More than only a narrative interlude of legendary material, the Elijah cycle threatens and comforts its agrarian hearers into obedience to Yahweh. Through a persistent use of the satiation and hunger motif, the Deuteronomistic storyteller fashions a narrative that makes food a weapon in an ideological battle between the Omridic dynasty and Yahweh.
“The Violence of Shame: Sexuality and Luke 17:21 in Craig Thompson’s graphic novel Blankets”
Michael Carlson of Yale Divinity School explicates the “accidental theology” of the art in Craig Thompson’s graphic novel Blankets. Beginning by diagnosing the systematic elements of fundamentalist scripture-based sexual repression in Blankets, he argue that Thompson’s work espouses an explicitly mystical theology founded on gratitude for corporeality and the sexual self. He ultimately argue that Thompson’s novel engages scripture as artistic hermeneutics; it is a work which cannot be fully appreciated without understanding its incorporation of scripture.
“Mangalasutta: A Buddhist Blessing Persecuting Muslims in Myanmar”
Sunil Kumar Yadav of University of Chicago Divinity School will present how Buddhist scriptures have influenced anti-Islam legislatures, racial/ethnic discriminations and boycotting of Muslim businesses in Myanmar’s society. Rife with fear of Islamization, and grounded in Buddhist fundamentalist notion of purity, he argues that Myanmar’s society is moving towards a systematic and gradual genocide of Muslims. Using ethnographic evidence, he will present a critical analysis of the Mangalasutta – its interpretation, its influence and its application – in Myanmar’s society, and Buddhist texts’ role more generally in Myanmar’s newly established democracy.
With the “Weaponizing Scripture?” conference only one week away we are pleased to announce the faculty who will be responding to the graduate student panels. Please click on each picture below to reach their faculty bio pages.
Panel 1: Scripture and the Passions
Panel 2: Scripture and the State
Panel 3: Scripture and Subversion
Panel 4: Scripture: Who's In? Who's Out?
For the conference schedule of events, click here. To see a list of graduate presenters, click here. For information on our plenary speaker, Ambassador Aref Nayed, click here.
Mitchell Chillcot of Duke Divinity School explores the close connection between חרב (sword) and the Kittim (a term commonly understood as a reference to imperial rule) in the Dead Sea Scrolls. He argues that this relationship is intended to highlight the Kittim as curators of violence throughout history, whereas the Qumran community itself is diametrically opposed to such a violent way of life.
“Three Models of Wielding Lev. 19:17 in Antiquity”
Matthew Goldstone of New York University describes the diverse spectrum of responses to the biblical injunction of Leviticus 19:17 that commands that one actively rebuke his or her fellow. The semi-isolated members of the Qumran center strove to forge a system of complete control over daily life while the culturally insecure position of the early rabbis motivated them to formally recognize the danger of verbal offense. The mixed message that we find in the gospels reflects the tension between the ideal of love and humility and the practical demands of communal stability. The juxtaposition of these traditions reveals the divergent ways religious leaders of antiquity wielded this biblical passage as a means to ensuring their formative goals.
“In the interests of peace: Jews, gentiles and land management in Mishnah Peah”
Christine Landau of the University of Virginia demonstrates how how the rabbis, who lived in a culturally and religiously diverse area, wielded Scripture alongside the sickle to define themselves as a community that farmed the land God had given them in accordance with God’s commands. At times, rabbinic and gentile farmers appear to have collaborated quite closely in harvesting and other tasks, and the rabbis explain some of their legal positions as being “in the interests of peace.” Yet for them coexistence with gentiles required careful self-definition and negotiation of boundaries, together with the awareness that scripture itself required such boundaries to remain somewhat fluid.
“Revealed Words and Subjunctive Worlds: The Uncreated Qur’an and the Order Transforming Power of God’s Speech”
Evan Anhorn of Boston University will take up Eisenstadt’s theory on the order-maintaining and order-transforming dimensions of culture. He will apply his findings to the role of Sunni theology as a social institution of Islamic civilization—an institution which establishes social boundaries, distributes power and meaning and maintains social roles and authority. Building on this, he will examine the createdness of the Qur’an as a specific location of charismatic social renewal. The contours of this theological debate suggest alternate visions of society and the division and regulation of power within it.